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Playboy founder Hugh Hefner dies aged 91

Playboy magazine founder Hugh Hefner has died at the age of 91.

In a statement, Playboy Enterprises said Mr Hefner died peacefully at his home from natural causes.

It read: “Hugh M Hefner, the American icon who in 1953 introduced the world to Playboy magazine and built the company into one of the most recognisable American global brands in history, peacefully passed away today from natural causes at his home, The Playboy Mansion, surrounded by loved ones.”

Hefner arrives at Heathrow Airport in August 1971
Video:Playboy Hugh Hefner lived ‘exceptional’ life

Hefner, known as the “Hef”, built Playboy into a brand that heavily influenced the sexual culture of the second half of the 20th century.

The first issue of the magazine featured nude photographs of Marilyn Monroe and sold more than 50,000 copies.

By the 1970s, the magazine had more than seven million readers, but competition and the advent of the internet saw that circulation drop to less than three million by the start of the 21st century.

  1. Hefner arrives at London Airport in June 1966
    Image:After briefly working for Esquire, Hefner borrowed $ 8,000 to launch Playboy magazine in 1953
  2. Playboy's first issue featured naked pictures of Marilyn Monroe
    Image:The magazine’s first issue featured naked pictures of Marilyn Monroe
  3. This Playboy Club in New York opened in 1962 - two years after Hefner's first club in Chicago
    Image:Capitalising on the success of Playboy, Hefner opened a number of clubs across the US
  4. Hefner pictured in January 1966
    Image:On his travels, the publisher would be accompanied by a large group of Playboy ‘bunnies’
  5. Hefner arrives at Heathrow Airport in August 1971
    Image:In 1955, Hefner received complaints for publishing a short story which highlighted the abuse of homosexual men
  6. Hefner pictured in August, 1970
    Image:The ‘Heff’ built Playboy into a brand that heavily influenced the sexual culture of the late 20th century
  7. Hefner's Playboy Mansion in Los Angeles, California
    Image:The Playboy Mansion in Los Angeles became an infamous part of the publisher’s empire
  8. 10/9/98 Playboy founder and editor-in-chief, Hugh Hefner with his wife, Kimberly
    Image:Hefner married his second wife, former Playboy ‘bunny’ Kimberley Conrad, in July 1989. The couple had two sons
  9. Hugh Hefner poses with three Playmates in 2007
    Image:In a New York Times interview, Hefner revealed he was most proud of changing ‘attitudes towards sex’
  10. Long-term partner Holly Madison broke off her relationship with Hefner in 2008
    Image:Long-term partner Holly Madison broke off her relationship with Hefner in 2008
  11. Hefner married his third wife Crystal Harris, 60 years his junior, in December 2012
    Image:Four years later Hefner married his third wife, Crystal Harris, 60 years his junior
  12. The first issue of Playboy was published by Hefner in 1953
    Image:Announcing Hefner’s death, Playboy described the publisher as an American icon

As well as nude pictures, the magazine also included articles from writers including Kurt Vonnegut, Vladimir Nabokov and Alex Haley, as well as interviews with Fidel Castro, Martin Luther King Jr and John Lennon.

In 2015, Playboy stopped publishing images of naked women, citing the proliferation of nudity online.

In a New York Times interview in 1992, Hefner revealed he was most proud of changing “attitudes toward sex”.

He said: “That nice people can live together now. That I decontaminated the notion of premarital sex. That gives me great satisfaction.”

Hefner's Playboy Mansion in Los Angeles, California
Image:Hefner’s Playboy Mansion in Los Angeles, California

He was often seen wearing red silk pajamas, smoking a pipe, and accompanied by scantily clad models at fantasy parties he staged at his Playboy mansions first in Chicago and then in Los Angeles.

Hefner claimed to have had sex with more than a thousand women, including many of those pictured in his magazine.

He was married three times. In 1949, he wed Mildred Williams, and the couple had two children. They divorced in 1958.

In July 1989, he married Kimberley Conrad, then Playmate of the Year, who was 27. They also had two children together, but separated in 1998 although she continued living next door to the Playboy mansion.

Cooper Hefner, his son and chief creative officer of Playboy Enterprises, said in a statement: “My father lived an exceptional and impactful life as a media and cultural pioneer and a leading voice behind some of the most significant social and cultural movements of our time in advocating free speech, civil rights and sexual freedom.

The first issue of Playboy was published by Hefner in 1953
Image:The first issue of Playboy was published by Hefner in 1953

“He defined a lifestyle and ethos that lie at the heart of the Playboy brand, one of the most recognisable and enduring in history.

“He will be greatly missed by many, including his wife Crystal, my sister Christie and my brothers David and Marston and all of us at Playboy Enterprises.”

Six years ago he proposed to then 24-year-old Crystal Harris, a former Playmate. She called off the wedding days before the ceremony, but changed her mind and they eventually married in 2012.

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