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Ethics 'must be at centre' of AI technology

Ethics 'must be at centre' of AI technology

Technology
The UK's first public inquiry into the development and use of artificial intelligence (AI) has said the law governing its effects "is not currently clear".The House of Lords Select Committee on Artificial Intelligence has asked the Law Commission to investigate whether UK law is "sufficient" when systems malfunction or cause harm to users.The recommendation comes as part of a report by the 13-member committee on the "economic, ethical and social implications of advances in artificial intelligence".The report proposes a national and international "AI code" based on five principles to ensure the country becomes "a world leader" in the industry's application of machine learning. The principles are focused on fairness, education and avoidance of wrongdoing.Committee chairman Lord Clement-Jones...
UK 'must prepare a Brexit fallback'

UK 'must prepare a Brexit fallback'

Business
The UK needs a "credible fallback" in case no EU trade deal is reached during Brexit negotiations, former Bank of England governor Mervyn King has said.Lord King said British negotiators needed to show Brussels the country has an alternative over a bad trade deal post-Brexit. The former governor, who served between 2003 and 2013, said no deal was "not the first preference of anybody".He said the government "probably wasted a year" on its contingency plans.The first round of Brexit negotiations at the European Commission ended in July. Brexit Secretary David Davis said Brussels might delay trade talks due to a lack of progress on the cost of the UK's "divorce" settlement. Brexit: All you need to knowBrexit: What is at stake in EU-UK talks?The people who will negotiate BrexitSpeaking to BBC...
Farm subsidies 'must be earned' – Michael Gove

Farm subsidies 'must be earned' – Michael Gove

Science
Farm subsidies will have to be earned rather than just handed out in future, the Environment Secretary Michael Gove has said in a speech.Farmers will only get payouts if they agree to protect the environment and enhance rural life, he will say.The move is part of what he calls his vision for a "green Brexit".Farmers’ leaders want the current £3bn total to be spent on the environment, more infrastructure to develop farm businesses, and promoting British food.The government has promised to keep overall payments at the same level until 2022.The Tenant Farmers' Association - which represents tenant farmers in England and Wales - has called for the same amount of money to remain after that time.Under the EU's current Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), farmers are paid based on the amount of land