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Black Sea ship: 'World's oldest intact wreck' found

Black Sea ship: 'World's oldest intact wreck' found

Science
A Greek merchant ship dating back more than 2,400 years has been found lying on its side off the Bulgarian coast.The 23m (75ft) wreck, found in the Black Sea by an Anglo-Bulgarian team, is being hailed as officially the world's oldest known intact shipwreck.The researchers were stunned to find the merchant vessel closely resembled in design a ship that decorated ancient Greek wine vases.The rudder, rowing benches and even the contents of its hold remain intact."It's like another world," Helen Farr from the expedition told the BBC. "It's when the ROV [remote operated vehicle] drops down through the water column and you see this ship appear in the light at the bottom so perfectly preserved it feels like you step back in time."The r...
Extinct Madagascan species named 'world's largest bird'

Extinct Madagascan species named 'world's largest bird'

Science
Sept. 26 (UPI) -- After decades of disagreement and debate, scientists have agreed to name Vorombe titan, an extinct Madagascan species, the "world's largest bird." Some 12,000 years ago, Madagascar was home to several colossal, flightless bird species, dubbed elephant birds. The birds belong to the family Aepyornithidae, but disagreements over the structure of the family tree has led to confusion over which of the species deserved the title of world's largest bird. Through the years, various studies have described the existence of 15 different species of elephant birds belonging to two different genera. The latest research -- published this week in the journal Royal Society Open Science -- suggests there are only four distinct elephant bird species. The four species belonging to three ge...
'World's richest 1% get 82% of the wealth', says Oxfam

'World's richest 1% get 82% of the wealth', says Oxfam

Business
The gap between the super rich and the rest of the world widened last year as wealth continued to be owned by a small minority, Oxfam has claimed.Some 82% of money generated last year went to the richest 1% of the global population while the poorest half saw no increase at all, the charity said.Oxfam said its figures - which critics have queried - showed a failing system.It blamed tax evasion, firms' influence on policy, erosion of workers' rights, and cost cutting for the widening gap. Oxfam has produced similar reports for the past five years. In 2017 it calculated that the world's eight richest individuals had as much wealth as the poorest half of the world.This year, it said 42 people now had as much wealth as the poorest half, but it revised last year's figure to 61. Oxfam said the re...
'World's ugliest pig' caught on camera

'World's ugliest pig' caught on camera

Science
Media playback is unsupported on your deviceScientists have captured the first footage in the wild of one of the world's rarest - and ugliest - pigs.The Javan warty pig is under such threat from hunting and habitat loss that conservationists surveying its habitat believed it might already have been driven to extinction. Camera traps have now revealed that small populations survive in Java's increasingly fragmented forests.The team says its aim now is to protect the rare animals' habitat. The survey was led by Dr Johanna Rode-Margono from Chester Zoo, who said she and her colleagues were "thrilled" to see that the pigs were still there. The last study of these lowland forested areas was back in 2004 and revealed a "serious decline" in the population of the species. "We were worried that all...
'World's oldest wine' found in 8,000-year-old jars in Georgia

'World's oldest wine' found in 8,000-year-old jars in Georgia

Science
Scientists say 8,000-year-old pottery fragments have revealed the earliest evidence of grape wine-making.The earthenware jars containing residual wine compounds were found in two sites south of the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, researchers said.Some of the jars bore images of grape clusters and a man dancing.Previously, the earliest evidence of wine-making was from pottery dating from about 7,000 years ago found in north-western Iran.The latest finds were published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)."We believe this is the oldest example of the domestication of a wild-growing Eurasian grapevine solely for the production of wine," said co-author Stephen Batiuk, a senior researcher at the University of Toronto."Wine is central to civilisation as we know it in ...