IN THE 1950s—when the International Air Transport Association (IATA), a cartel of airlines, used to set fare levels and service quality on international routes—there were few differences between major carriers. One way to persuade passengers to choose one airline over another was to offer better meals as entertainment on board. And so an arms race to serve fancier food on transatlantic flights began. It came to an end in 1958, when SAS, a Scandinavian carrier, was fined $ 20,000 by IATA for serving open sandwiches that, contrary to IATA’s rules, contained overly fancy ingredients such as ox tongue, lettuce hearts and asparagus. The quality of food on board flights has fallen greatly since. Liberalisation of the aviation industry in the 1980s and 1990s, with IATA losing its power over fares
Excessive drinking can kill you -- and claims the lives of an estimated 88,000 Americans per year, according to a first-of-its-kind study. That’s 1 in 10 deaths in working-age adults -- and more than half are related to binge drinking. If you find this sobering, keep reading. Some 37 million adults -- about 17 percent -- reported binge drinking, according to the study by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A binge drinker typically drinks about once a week, drinking seven drinks within two hours. Let’s define binge drinking: for men, it’s having five or more alcoholic drinks in a two-hour window; women need to drink at least four drinks in that span for it be considered binging. The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System is a phone survey that collects yearly data on
THERE has been much chatter among frequent flyers in London this week about a front-page splash in the Financial Times claiming that British negotiations with America to replace the EU-US Open Skies Treaty are in trouble:The US is offering Britain a worse “open skies” deal after Brexit than it had as an EU member, in a negotiating stance that would badly hit the transatlantic operating rights of British Airways and Virgin Atlantic. British and American negotiators met secretly in January for the first formal talks on a new air services deal, aiming to fill the gap created when Britain falls out of the EU-US open skies treaty after Brexit, say people familiar with talks.The talks were cut short after US negotiators offered only a standard bilateral agreement. These typically require airline
EIGHT months into Donald Trump’s presidency, the rules-based system of global trade remains intact. Threats to impose broad tariffs have come to nothing. Some ominous investigations into whether imports into America are a national-security threat are on hold. Mr Trump looks less a hard man than a boy crying wolf. All the same, supporters of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), the guardian of that rules-based system, are worried. Other dangers are lurking. There is more than one way to undermine an institution.The WTO is meant to be a forum for reaching deals and resolving disputes. But all 164 members must agree to new rules, and agreement has largely been elusive. So if members do not like today’s rules, as interpreted by judges, they have little prospect of negotiating better ones. That
Aug. 17 (UPI) -- Monday's total solar eclipse is expected to break records, with about 220 million people expected to watch.Some believe the event will inspire the largest temporary migration in human history. With camera-equiped smartphones now ubiquitous, it's also likely to become the most documented event ever.When and whereThe moon's shadow will make landfall in Depoe Bay, Ore., at 10:17 a.m. PDT. The eclipse will move west and south across the United States, tracing what's called the path of totality. By 2:47 p.m. EDT, the moon's shadow will move across Charleston, S.C., and out into the Atlantic Ocean.The shadow's trip across the country will last just 90 minutes. The path will intersect 14 states, including Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Iowa, Illinois...