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French archaeologists find ancient grave of child, pet dog

French archaeologists find ancient grave of child, pet dog

World
Jan. 15 (UPI) -- French archaeologists said Thursday they discovered the grave of a small child with what appears to be a pet dog dating to the Roman rule of the region about 2,000 years ago. The researchers said they found the burial site during a dig at the Clermont-Ferrand Airport in central France. They believe the child was about a year old and buried with animal offerings along with the remains of the pet dog inside a coffin. Advertisement The coffin was found in a 6-by-3-foot grave. It was surrounded by 20 objects, including terra cotta vases, glass pots, half a pig, three hams and other pork cuts along with two headless chickens. "The graves of young Gallo-Roman children are often located outside the community funeral home and sometimes even buried near the family home," a stateme...
Ancient crystals suggest Earth’s crust enjoyed growth spurt 3 billion years ago

Ancient crystals suggest Earth’s crust enjoyed growth spurt 3 billion years ago

Science
Jan. 12 (UPI) -- Ancient crystals recovered from stream sediments in Greenland suggest bits of Earth's primordial crust seeded the growth of later generations of crust. According to a new study published Tuesday in the journal Nature Communications, the process fueled a massive crustal growth three billion years ago. Advertisement Scientists were able identify the origins of the ancient growth spurt by analyzing the chemistry of crystals eroded from ancient rocks. The chemical makeup of the ancient zircon crystals, found among modern stream sediment in Greenland, revealed signatures left their incorporation into younger crustal rocks and sediment during what scientists call lithospheric reworking. "We found there was a widespread bloom in crust production three billion years ago, during ...
Ancient DNA suggests people from Philippines may have settled Mariana Islands

Ancient DNA suggests people from Philippines may have settled Mariana Islands

Science
Dec. 22 (UPI) -- New research suggests people from the Philippines may have first settled the Mariana Islands. According to the study, published online this week in the journal PNAS, early inhabitants of the Mariana Islands and Polynesia shared common ancestors. Numerous studies have investigated the origins of the first Polynesian settlers, but little attention has been given to the peopling of the Mariana Islands, situated more than 1,600 miles east of the Philippines. Advertisement Positioned next the world's deepest ocean trench in the Western Pacific, the Mariana Islands were settled roughly 3,500 year, only slightly earlier than the initial peopling of Polynesia, roughly 5,000 miles east-southeast. "We know more about the settlement of Polynesia than we do about the settlement of th...
Electromagnetic images help scientists deconstruct ancient Jewish parchment

Electromagnetic images help scientists deconstruct ancient Jewish parchment

Science
Dec. 18 (UPI) -- Scientists were able to deconstruct an ancient Jewish parchment using a combination of sophisticated imaging techniques. The research -- published Friday in the journal Frontiers in Materials -- could help scientists better understand how historical documents and artifacts degrade over time. Advertisement For the study, researchers at Romania's National Institute for Research and Development in Optoelectronics examined a poorly preserved manuscript containing several chapters from the Book of Esther in the Hebrew Bible. "The goal of the study was ... to understand what the passing of time has brought upon the object, how it was degraded and what would be the best approach for its future conservation process," Luminita Ghervase, study co-author and research scientist at th...