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Understanding snorts can help horse caretakers improve animal welfare

Understanding snorts can help horse caretakers improve animal welfare

Science
July 11 (UPI) -- Horses snort more when they're comfortable and happy. The communication could help caretakers achieve more positive animal welfare outcomes. Proper care for animals involves minimizing stress. But how do caretakers know when animals are happy or bothered? Interpreting the emotions of horses can be especially difficult. Many behavioral signals displayed by horses are ambiguous, and studies of physiological signals have yielded contradictory results. Many horse owners and caretakers have noted an association between snorting and positive environments, but the connection hadn't been scientifically tested until now. Researchers in France monitored snorting frequency among 48 horses. Half were riding horses, kept in confined environs and separated in solitary stalls. The othe...
Animal products will still be used for notes

Animal products will still be used for notes

Business
The Bank of England has decided to carry on using chemicals derived from animal products to make its new plastic banknotes despite an outcry.An extensive consultation saw the vast majority of those who responded say they were against the use of the additives.But the Bank said the alternative of using palm oil raised environmental concerns and would cost the Treasury an extra £16.5m over the next ten years.The Government told the Bank it did not believe a switch would be achieve value for money for taxpayers.Campaigners launched a petition last autumn after it emerged that the new plastic £5 note contained traces of an animal product derivative.The Bank launched a review following the outcry and earlier this year decided not to scrap the notes, though it said it would hold a public consulta