News That Matters

Tag: Autism

Trait tied to autism may explain emergence of realistic art

Trait tied to autism may explain emergence of realistic art

Science
May 14 (UPI) -- Some 30,000 years ago, in the midst of the Ice Age, cartoonish caricatures of animals gave way to more realistic art. New research suggests the shift in aesthetic could be explained by "detail focus," a trait linked to autism. Seemingly all at once, detailed depictions of bears, bison, horses and lions began to appear in significant numbers in Ice Age caves. Scientists have struggled to account for the sudden change. Researchers have previously suggested psychotropic substances inspired the explosion of detail-oriented drawings, but a new study discounts such an explanation. Instead, archaeologists at the University of York argue a trait linked with autism, called detail focus, jumpstarted the trend. "Detail focus is what determines whether you can draw realistically; you...
More children being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder in recent years

More children being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder in recent years

Health
More children are being diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, according to new data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Their new numbers now show that autism affects one in 59 children, an increase from previously reported one in 68 children. Dr. Walter Zahorodny, a pediatrician and autism researcher, is “stunned by the speed of increase.” This data was collected in 2014 through the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network, an organization described by the study's authors as “an active surveillance system that provides estimates of the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among children aged 8 years.” In this study, the ADDM Network first identified over 10,000 children with symptoms of ASD in 11 states. A team of researchers an
Inherited brain activity may guide treatment for autism, ADHD

Inherited brain activity may guide treatment for autism, ADHD

Health
Nov. 2 (UPI) -- Oregon Health & Science University researchers have found that functional brain connectivity has both familial and heritable associations.The study, published today in Network Neuroscience, used two data sets of MRI brain scans from more than 350 adult and child siblings to assess their identity based on connectotype, or the pattern of functional brain connectivity."Similar to DNA, specific brain systems and connectivity patterns are passed down from adults to their children," Dr. Damien Fair, an associate professor of behavioral neuroscience and psychiatry at OHSU's School of Medicine, said in a press release. "This is significant because it may help us to better characterize aspects of altered brain activity, development or disease."Researchers were able to determine ...
Study: Genetics explain most cases of autism

Study: Genetics explain most cases of autism

Health
TUESDAY, Sept. 26, 2017 -- Heredity contributes to about 83 percent of the risk of autism in children with the disorder, a new study suggests.The estimate, from a re-analysis of a previous study, adds a new wrinkle to the ongoing debate over how much autism is inherited from parents. Essentially, the findings suggest that rare genetic traits combine in parents and explain about eight in 10 cases of the neurodevelopmental disorder in children.However, study author Sven Sandin cautioned that "our results do not give any information about specific genes or other direct causes. It only informs us that genes are important."Sandin, an assistant professor of psychiatry at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City, noted that the findings also don't reflect anything about the re...
Autism patients: GPs in England urged to keep register

Autism patients: GPs in England urged to keep register

Health
GPs in England are being encouraged to keep a register of patients with autism in order to improve the care they receive.Health chiefs say a register would alert GPs to the specific needs of adults and children with autism and help tailor services for them.The National Autistic Society said it would "help improve the health and wellbeing of autistic people".But getting a quick diagnosis was still an issue, a child autism charity said.Autism is a lifelong, developmental disability that affects how a person communicates with and relates to other people, and how they experience the world around them.GPs in England already keep a register of patients with learning disabilities, and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence thinks patients with autism should be easily identified by ...