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Tag: Competition

Competition leaves a permanent genetic imprint on the brains of songbirds

Competition leaves a permanent genetic imprint on the brains of songbirds

Science
March 22 (UPI) -- New research suggests a single competitive interaction can leave a lasting genetic impression on the brains of songbirds. Competition for territory, mates and prey drive evolution, but evolutionary changes are often only visible across vast timescales. Advertisement Scientists at Indiana University wanted to find out how competition inspires genetic changes among individual songbirds. In previous experiments, researchers found frequent competition alters gene expression in the brains of birds, inspiring more aggressive behavior -- perhaps, preparing birds for future competitive bouts. For the latest study, published this week in the journal PNAS, researchers worked to zoom in on these short-term changes in order to better understand how competition in the short-term ins...
WXV: ‘Landmark’ global women’s rugby union competition launched

WXV: ‘Landmark’ global women’s rugby union competition launched

Sports
A "landmark" global women's rugby union competition has been launched by the sport's international governing body.World Rugby is investing £6.4m in the WXV tournament, due to begin in 2023.The competition will have three tiers, offering consistent international Test-match opportunities to 16 teams to help them prepare for the 2025 World Cup.World Rugby Chairman Sir Bill Beaumont hailed a "landmark moment" and said the plan would "accelerate the development of the women's game".The announcement comes a week after the 2021 World Cup - for which three teams are yet to qualify because of postponements caused by the coronavirus pandemic - was pushed back to 2022.The WXV competition will be played in a global window from September to October, except in World Cup years.World Rugby says the aim of...

Pandemic heats up state tax competition to attract businesses and residents

Finance
sturti | E+ | Getty ImagesThe tax competition between states to attract and keep businesses and residents has been ongoing for decades. The national migration pattern has generally trended from cold, high-tax northern states to warm, low-tax southern and south western states.Retirees, no longer tied to a workplace or raising children, have been a major part of the caravan of migrants heading south. However, for all but the wealthiest, taxes are usually not the main factor."I think for most retirees who move, it's about quality of life," said Ryan Losi, a CPA with Piascik based in Richmond, Virginia. "The [lower] taxes are the icing on the cake for them."The icing, however, is becoming the cake itself for a broader swath of Americans. With tax rates likely to rise, state income, property an...
70% of Test and Trace contracts were awarded without any competition

70% of Test and Trace contracts were awarded without any competition

Technology
Seven out of ten contracts signed by Test and Trace were awarded without any competition, the UK's public spending watchdog has found, raising further concerns about government spending during the pandemic.An interim study by the National Audit Office (NAO) found that Test and Trace spent a total of £5bn on 121 contracts that were awarded directly, without competitive tender, using emergency regulations which allowed the government to bypass normal procurement rules. A further £1.4bn was spent on contracts awarded under "framework agreements", which allows the government to make deals with pre-selected suppliers. Please use Chrome browser for a more accessible video player ...
ComparetheMarket fined £17.9m for competition law breach

ComparetheMarket fined £17.9m for competition law breach

Business
ComparetheMarket has been fined £17.9m after the regulator found the company had breached competition law.The Competition and Markets Authority's investigation concluded that the comparison website had imposed wide "most favoured nation" clauses on providers selling home insurance. These clauses stopped the home insurers from offering lower prices on other comparison websites and protected ComparetheMarket from being undercut elsewhere.They also made it more difficult for the website's rivals to expand and challenge its dominance, as they were prevented from beating it on price.The breaches took place between December 2015 and December 2017 and the regulator said they restricted competition between the comparison website, likely resulting in higher insurance premiums. ...