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Antipsychotics may increase gestational diabetes risk during pregnancy

Antipsychotics may increase gestational diabetes risk during pregnancy

Health
May 7 (UPI) -- Some antipsychotic drugs prescribed during pregnancy have been associated with added risk of gestational diabetes, according to a nationwide analysis of data.About 50 percent of women with gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes in the years after pregnancy, which prompted researchers to study the effects of various medical treatments during pregnancy. The findings were published Monday in American Journal of Psychiatry and presented at the American Psychiatric Association's annual meeting through Wednesday in New York.Gestational diabetes, like other forms of diabetes, affects how cells use glucose, leading to high blood sugar. Up to 10 percent of pregnancies in the United States are affected by gestational diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Pre...
Genetic score can identify infants at risk for type 1 diabetes

Genetic score can identify infants at risk for type 1 diabetes

Health
April 2 (UPI) -- Researchers have developed a genetics score that can identify infants at risk for type 1 diabetes, according to a new study.The scientists calculated genetic scores from more than 30 genes among 3,498 children with no family history of type 1 diabetes but with gene variants known to convey type 1 diabetes risk. Their findings were published Tuesday in PLOS Medicine.In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas isn't making insulin or is making very little of the hormone. Insulin enables blood sugar to enter the cells in the body and be converted for use as energy. To make up for the insulin, type 1 diabetics need insulin shots or an insulin pump.It's usually diagnosed in children, teens and young adults, but it can develop at any age, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Pr...
Islet cell transplants improve type 1 diabetes of participants in trial

Islet cell transplants improve type 1 diabetes of participants in trial

Health
March 21 (UPI) -- Type 1 diabetics' potentially fatal low blood glucose levels improved dramatically with the transplantation of insulin-producing islets to their pancreas, according to findings from a Phase 3 clinical trial in the United States.The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases funded the trial, which ran from October 2006 until May 2014.The findings were published Tuesday in the journal Diabetes Care.Pancreatic islets, also called islets of Langerhans, are tiny clusters of cells in the pancreas. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in islets. Diabetics must take take insulin from injections or pumps to live, but they cannot control blo...
Rigorous diet can put Type 2 diabetes into remission, study finds

Rigorous diet can put Type 2 diabetes into remission, study finds

Health
Some people with Type 2 diabetes were able to put the disease in remission without medication by following a rigorous diet plan, according to a study published today in the Lancet medical journal. "Our findings suggest that even if you have had Type 2 diabetes for six years, putting the disease into remission is feasible," Michael Lean, a professor from the University of Glasgow in Scotland who co-led the study, said in a statement. The researchers looked at 149 participants who have had Type 2 diabetes for up to six years and monitored them closely as they underwent a liquid diet that provided only 825 to 853 calories per day for three to five months. The participants were then reintroduced to solid food and maintained a structured diet until the end of the yearlong study. The researc...
Emotional toll of diabetes 'needs more recognition'

Emotional toll of diabetes 'needs more recognition'

Health
Many people living with diabetes are struggling with related emotional problems - an issue that needs support and recognition, a charity says.Diabetes UK surveyed 8,500 people about diabetes and how it affected their daily life.Three in five said their condition made them feel down. Of those in employment, 16% felt discriminated against at work - and 7% had not even told their employer about their diabetes.Clare (not her real name), 26, says she had to quit her job as a management consultant as a direct result of her diabetes.She was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the age of 13. Despite being one of 4.5 million people affected by the condition in the UK, she says the "lack of understanding" she encountered in the workplace left her feeling "frustrated, anxious and stressed"."I was const...