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Tag: disease

What is hand, foot and mouth disease?

What is hand, foot and mouth disease?

Health
New York Mets pitcher Noah Syndergaard was recently placed on the disabled list because he contracted hand, foot and mouth disease. It’s a short-term infection that’s mostly found in children younger than 5 years old, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). What is hand, foot and mouth disease? Hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) is a common viral illness caused by several different types of viruses. It occurs mostly during the summer and early autumn. How do people get sick? Outbreaks of HFMD can occur in daycare centers, schools, or summer camps -- wherever people gather. It’s possible that Syndergaard got his infection when he was in the group environment of a children’s baseball camp last week. One way it’s passed is l...
The boys trapped in the Thailand cave could face an unusual disease

The boys trapped in the Thailand cave could face an unusual disease

Health
As the rescue efforts for the 12 boys and their coach trapped in a flooded Thailand cave have continued, the world has been hoping for the entire group's safe return to the surface. But after surviving the weather conditions, severe body stresses and unimaginable emotional distress of being trapped for days in dark, wet caverns, the 13 have more challenges ahead. All that time inside the caverns has exposed them to a dangerous and rare infection, often called "cave disease." What is 'cave disease?' Cave disease, also called speleonosis, is an infection with a fungus called Histoplasma capsulatum. It was first described in the 1940s as an “unusual” lung disease affecting a group of men camping in an abandoned storm cellar. The fungus is naturally found all over the world...
Saving koalas: Gene study promises solution to deadly sex disease

Saving koalas: Gene study promises solution to deadly sex disease

Science
Despite being (possibly) the world's cuddliest creature, the super-sweet koala is also one of the unluckiest animals on the planet.Australia's most famous tree hugger has been ravaged by sexually transmitted disease, attacks from dogs, being hit by cars and habitat loss.Chlamydia has spread fast in koalas, causing infertility and blindness.But scientists say decoding the genome should lead to an effective vaccine for the STD. In fact, researchers say they've been amazed by the information that's been hidden in the marsupial's DNA. While they didn't find a gene for cuteness, they've worked out how koalas can survive solely on a diet of eucalyptus - which poisons most other creatures that consume it. Genes that are switched on in the koala's "cast-iron live...
Copper-reducing molecule could help against Wilson's disease

Copper-reducing molecule could help against Wilson's disease

Health
June 27 (UPI) -- A compound developed in preclinical experiments is showing promise in treating disorders and cancers with high levels of copper, including Wilson's disease. Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory in New York and an affiliated company, DepYmed Inc., found that PM-1001, a small molecule, reduces copper levels in cells grown in culture samples from Wilson's disease patients and in mice. The compound acts as a chelator to naturally remove the metal, and researchers think it could lead to a new treatment for Wilson's disease, as well as other conditions. The findings were published Thursday in Genes & Development. "It is our hope that this compound may represent the basis for an improved approach to Wilson's Disease," research co-leader Dr. Nicholas Tonks, a professor a...