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Parents who don't vaccinate kids tend to be affluent, better educated, experts say

Parents who don't vaccinate kids tend to be affluent, better educated, experts say

Health
Vaccines are universally backed by respected scientists and federal agencies, but that isn’t enough to convince every parent to vaccinate their children. The decision to fly in the face of near universal scientific opinion doesn't come as a result of a lack of intellect, however, as experts who have studied vaccines and immunology acknowledge that many parents who don't vaccinate their children are well-educated. They also appear to be the victims of a widespread misinformation campaign, the experts said. Daniel Salmon, who is the director of the Institute of Vaccine Safety at Johns Hopkins University, said that existing research suggests that there are some common attributes that many parents who choose not to vaccinate their children share. "They tend to be better educated. Th...
World's coffee under threat, say experts

World's coffee under threat, say experts

Science
The first full assessment of risks to the world's coffee plants shows that 60% of 124 known species are on the edge of extinction. More than 100 types of coffee tree grow naturally in forests, including two used for the coffee we drink.Scientists say the figure is "worrying", as wild coffee is critical for sustaining the global coffee crop.About one in five of the world's plants is threatened with extinction, and the 60% figure is an "extremely high" one. "If it wasn't for wild species we wouldn't have as much coffee to drink in the world today," said Dr Aaron Davis of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew."Because if you look at the history of coffee cultivation, we have used wild species to make the coffee crop sustainable." ...
After survival and escape, missing teen now faces long road to recovery, experts say

After survival and escape, missing teen now faces long road to recovery, experts say

Health
To the joy of her family and supporters throughout the country, Jayme Closs, the 13-year-old girl who has been missing since Oct. 15, was found alive Thursday night. Three months ago, she was declared missing after her parents were shot and killed in their home in Barron, Wisconsin. But Thursday night, she approached a dog walker on the street in the small town of Gordon, about 70 miles and an hour away from her home, asking for help. A suspect, James Thomas Patterson, in a nearby house was taken into custody shortly after police arrived on the scene. The next day, he was charged with two counts of first-degree murder and kidnapping, authorities said. The teenage girl is currently stable and being treated at a hospital before being reunited with the rest of her family. Closs ...
AI identifies precancerous cervix better than human experts, report says

AI identifies precancerous cervix better than human experts, report says

Health
Jan. 10 (UPI) -- A new artificial intelligence method could be key for future diagnosis of cervical cancer. The algorithm, developed by researchers at the National Cancer Institute, was 91 percent accurate in diagnosing cancer in women during a study in Costa Rica, according to findings published Thursday in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. "Our findings show that a deep learning algorithm can use images collected during routine cervical cancer screening to identify precancerous changes that, if left untreated, may develop into cancer," Mark Schiffman, a researcher at the NCI's Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics and study senior author, said in a news release. "In fact, the computer analysis of the images was better at identifying precancer than a human expert revie...
Frozen 'super-Earth' could support life, experts say

Frozen 'super-Earth' could support life, experts say

Technology
A frozen "super-Earth" discovered six light years from Earth could be capable of harbouring life, scientists have said. The rocky planet, at least 3.2 times the size of Earth, is orbiting Barnard's Star, one of the closest and most well studied red dwarf stars in the Galaxy and the sun's nearest neighbouring single star.Known as Barnard's star b, its surface temperatures are estimated at minus 150C. Despite this, scientists believe pockets of liquid water, warmed by geothermal activity, could lie beneath the ice capable of harbouring life.As a red dwarf, Barnard's star is smaller, older and much cooler than the sun. Although the planet is much closer to it than the Earth is to the sun, it's surface remains locked in a blanket of ice. Ima...