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Two female loos for every male one, experts recommend

Two female loos for every male one, experts recommend

Health
Public health experts are calling for fair provision of public toilets for women, saying the aim should be to have two female loos to every male one.With more urinals than cubicles, men - unlike women - rarely queue, a Royal Society for Public Health report says.It blames the closure of hundreds of council-run toilets for deterring some people from leaving the house.The government said it was down to councils to manage their resources and provide necessary services for people.The Royal Society's report says that people with health problems or a disability are most affected by the lack of public conveniences.It adds that public toilets "should be considered as essential as streetlights, roads and waste collection".But it said the lack of facilities in the ...
Drug drop-offs more widely available, but experts say more options needed

Drug drop-offs more widely available, but experts say more options needed

Health
April 26 (UPI) -- Communities around the United States offer drug drop-off days that help to temporarily reduce the temptation to use opioids. Some experts say providing year-round methods for people to get rid of medications would be more helpful in removing the pathway for addiction. "Studies suggest that most patients do not dispose of their unused opioids after surgery," Chad Brummett, director of pain research at Michigan Medicine, told UPI. "These pills can become a source for diversion and abuse by vulnerable populations, including children and young adults." One study showed only 28 percent of patients disposed of pills, usually by throwing them in the trash, taking them to a police station or flushing them down the toilet. Flushing pills can pollute drinking water. Yet some orga...
Parents who don't vaccinate kids tend to be affluent, better educated, experts say

Parents who don't vaccinate kids tend to be affluent, better educated, experts say

Health
Vaccines are universally backed by respected scientists and federal agencies, but that isn’t enough to convince every parent to vaccinate their children. The decision to fly in the face of near universal scientific opinion doesn't come as a result of a lack of intellect, however, as experts who have studied vaccines and immunology acknowledge that many parents who don't vaccinate their children are well-educated. They also appear to be the victims of a widespread misinformation campaign, the experts said. Daniel Salmon, who is the director of the Institute of Vaccine Safety at Johns Hopkins University, said that existing research suggests that there are some common attributes that many parents who choose not to vaccinate their children share. "They tend to be better educated. Th...
World's coffee under threat, say experts

World's coffee under threat, say experts

Science
The first full assessment of risks to the world's coffee plants shows that 60% of 124 known species are on the edge of extinction. More than 100 types of coffee tree grow naturally in forests, including two used for the coffee we drink.Scientists say the figure is "worrying", as wild coffee is critical for sustaining the global coffee crop.About one in five of the world's plants is threatened with extinction, and the 60% figure is an "extremely high" one. "If it wasn't for wild species we wouldn't have as much coffee to drink in the world today," said Dr Aaron Davis of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew."Because if you look at the history of coffee cultivation, we have used wild species to make the coffee crop sustainable." ...