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Mice raised communally fare better as adults

Mice raised communally fare better as adults

Science
Nov. 16 (UPI) -- It takes a village to raise a child -- and to raise a mouse. According to a new study, mice raised communally benefit from a competitive advantage as adults. The new research was published this week in the journal Scientific Reports. "Female house mice pursue two flexible social strategies, either raising their offspring in communal or single nests," Stefan Fischer, researcher at the University of Liverpool, said in a news release. "This makes them an ideal model species to study how these different approaches shape future development." The decision to raise mice communally or in a single nest is influenced by a variety of local conditions, including the levels of social competition, but until now, scientists hadn't measured the effects of rearing decisions on adult behav...
New Year rail fare hikes at five-year high

New Year rail fare hikes at five-year high

Business
Commuters are being "priced out of going to work" by the largest rail fare increase in five years, according to a campaign group.Passengers catching a train on the first working day of 2018 will be hit with an average ticket price rise of 3.4%, with some commuter routes set for price hikes of more than £100.There are protests planned at around 40 railway stations up and down the country on Tuesday, with some commuters spending up to five times as much of their salary on season tickets as people on the continent.:: Top five average increases by operator:4.7% - Northern.4.6% - TransPennine Express.4.1% - CrossCountry.3.6% - Merseyrail.3.4% - Virgin Trains East Coast, Greater Anglia, London Overground and TfL Rail Travelcards and price caps.:: 'Raw deal': Trains must be run for passengersImag
Rail fare rise biggest for five years

Rail fare rise biggest for five years

Business
Train fares in Britain will go up by an average of 3.4% from 2 January.The increase, the biggest since 2013, covers regulated fares, which includes season tickets, and unregulated fares, such as off-peak leisure tickets.The Rail Delivery Group admitted it was a "significant" rise, but said that more than 97% of fare income went back into improving and running the railway.A passenger group said the rise was "a chill wind" and the RMT union called it a "kick in the teeth" for travellers.The rise in regulated fares had already been capped at July's Retail Prices Index inflation rate of 3.6%.The fare increase is above the latest Consumer Prices Index inflation figure of 3%, which was a five-and-a-half year high. Are you joining the '£5k commuter club'?The chief executive of passenger watchdog