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HIV genome helps determine antibodies formed in people with the virus

HIV genome helps determine antibodies formed in people with the virus

Health
Sept. 11 (UPI) -- Researchers found that HIV itself plays a major role in determining which antibodies are formed in people, which may be important for developing a vaccine against it. A Swiss research team led by the University of Zurich and University Hospital Zurich has been searching for the factors that play a role in these antibodies' production. Their findings were published Monday in the journal Nature. HIV, which stands for human immunodeficiency virus, spreads through certain body fluids that attack the body's immune system, including T cells. Over time, these infections take advantage of a weak immune system and become acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, or AIDS. Previously identified factors that played a role in the body's immune response were: the virus load and the diversit...
Earth's water present before impact formed moon, study finds

Earth's water present before impact formed moon, study finds

Science
March 29 (UPI) -- Based on an extensive collection of lunar and terrestrial samples, researchers have determined that most of the water on Earth was already present at the time of the impact that created the moon.Scientists from the United States, Britain and France studied moon rocks brought back to Earth by astronauts on the six Apollo missions and volcanic rocks retrieved from the ocean floor by Earth-bound scientists. They published their findings Thursday in the journal Science Advances."The research discovered only a small difference in oxygen composition between the lunar and terrestrial rocks," Dr. Richard Greenwood, a research fellow at The New University in England and lead author of the new study, said in a press release. "This demonstrates how well mixed all of the pieces of ro...
England stars once formed a guard of honour for Paul Scholes after a training ground masterclass

England stars once formed a guard of honour for Paul Scholes after a training ground masterclass

Sports
Tuesday, February 13, 2018If you somehow weren’t aware of how good a footballer Paul Scholes was in his pomp, then listen to Kieron Dyer.Dyer, writing in his new autobiography which is being serialised in the Daily Mail, says he rated Scholes as the best English midfielder of his generation – ahead of Frank Lampard and Steven Gerrard – and recounted a brilliant story which perfectly encapsulated his genius.Scholes, who won every major honour in the game with Manchster United, won 66 caps for England but was often played out of position and quit international football at the age of just 29.“Paul Scholes was the best player I played with and people like Xavi and Zinedine Zidane counted him as their favourite player,” wrote Dyer.“Other nations would have used him as their fulcrum but Sven Gor