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AI identifies precancerous cervix better than human experts, report says

AI identifies precancerous cervix better than human experts, report says

Health
Jan. 10 (UPI) -- A new artificial intelligence method could be key for future diagnosis of cervical cancer. The algorithm, developed by researchers at the National Cancer Institute, was 91 percent accurate in diagnosing cancer in women during a study in Costa Rica, according to findings published Thursday in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. "Our findings show that a deep learning algorithm can use images collected during routine cervical cancer screening to identify precancerous changes that, if left untreated, may develop into cancer," Mark Schiffman, a researcher at the NCI's Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics and study senior author, said in a news release. "In fact, the computer analysis of the images was better at identifying precancer than a human expert revie...
Study identifies genetic mutations among children of soldiers exposed to radiation

Study identifies genetic mutations among children of soldiers exposed to radiation

Science
Oct. 5 (UPI) -- Scientists have identified a pattern of genetic mutation among the children of soldiers exposed to radar. Prior to the 1990s, most radar systems were poorly insulated. Those operating and working in close proximity to the systems were regularly exposed to the unconfined radiation. Today, the radiation emitted by radar systems is well-contained and soldiers are better protected. However, some soldiers exposed to radiation in the 1970s and 1980s -- so-called "radar soldiers" -- have experienced health problems after leaving the service. New research suggests the effects of radiation also explain genetic mutations among the children of radar soldiers. Families affected by radiation exposure have raised concerns about radiation's generation impacts, but until now, the science ...
New map identifies vulnerable mammals, conservation priorities

New map identifies vulnerable mammals, conservation priorities

Science
Oct. 27 (UPI) -- Scientists have published a new map identifying areas of priority for the conservation of vulnerable mammals. Researchers prioritized threatened mammals with the fewest close relatives, such as Australia's echidnas, or spiny anteaters, and Madagascar's lemurs.The team of ecologists analyzed the habitats of thousands of vulnerable and threatened mammal species to find areas of overlap, where targeted conservation projects will benefit several species.They published their results of their mapping effort this week in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B."Scientists have often focused on the number of species in a protected area, but studies like this one consider the degree to which the family tree of life is well represented," Dan Rosauer, biologist at Australia Na...
Mum identifies child in sex abuse video

Mum identifies child in sex abuse video

Technology
A mother has recognised her own four-year-old daughter after German police released a still image of a child in an attempt to find her abuser.The picture was taken from videos and images circulating on the dark web.A 24-year-old man has now been arrested.The police said that they took the unusual step of releasing the image because they had been unable to identify the attacker.They received "numerous" responses from the public, following the release of the image.The man - from Wesermarsch - faces charges of the serious sexual abuse of children plus the production and distribution of images of child abuse.The case involved teams from the Federal Criminal Police Office, the Central Office for Combating Internet Crime and Frankfurt's prosecutors' office. They thanked the public for their help...