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Tag: malaria

Defeat malaria in a generation – here’s how

Defeat malaria in a generation – here’s how

Health
The world could be free of malaria - one of the oldest and deadliest diseases to affect humanity - within a generation, a major report says. Each year there are still more than 200 million cases of the disease, which mostly kills young children.The report says eradicating malaria is no longer a distant dream, but wiping out the parasite will probably need an extra $ 2bn (£1.6bn) of annual funding.Experts say eradication is a "goal of epic proportions".What is malaria?Malaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasites.These are spread from person to person by the bite of female mosquitoes in search of a blood meal.Once infected, people become very sick with a severe fever and shaking chills. The
GM fungus rapidly kills 99% of malaria mosquitoes, study suggests

GM fungus rapidly kills 99% of malaria mosquitoes, study suggests

Health
A fungus - genetically enhanced to produce spider toxin - can rapidly kill huge numbers of the mosquitoes that spread malaria, a study suggests.Trials, which took place in Burkina Faso, showed mosquito populations collapsed by 99% within 45 days.The researchers say their aim is not to make the insects extinct but to help stop the spread of malaria.The disease, which is spread when female mosquitoes drink blood, kills more than 400,000 people per year. Worldwide, there are about 219 million cases of malaria each year.Conducting the study, researchers at the University of Maryland in the US - and the IRSS research institute in Burkina Faso - first identified a fungus called Metarhizium pingshaense, which naturally infects the Anopheles mosquitoes that spre...
Malaria: Sniffer dogs to help in fight to eradicate disease

Malaria: Sniffer dogs to help in fight to eradicate disease

Health
Media playback is unsupported on your device Scientists in the UK and The Gambia say they have the first evidence that dogs can sniff out malaria.They have trained dogs to recognise tell-tale aromas using clothes from people infected with the disease.It is hoped the animals can be used to stop malaria spreading and eventually help with eradication. Although the research is still at an early stage, experts say the findings may even lead to new ways of testing for the disease.Studies have already shown that being infected with the malaria parasite changes our aroma to make us more attractive to the mosquitoes that spread the disease. Now dogs are on the scent, too.Smelly socksSocks worn overnight by children in the Upper River Region of The Gamb...
New drug for recurring malaria

New drug for recurring malaria

Health
A new drug to treat malaria has been given the green light by authorities in the United States. The medicine is specifically for the recurring form of malaria - caused by the parasite plasmodium vivax - which makes 8.5 million people ill each year. This type of malaria is a particular challenge to get rid of as it can remain dormant in the liver for years before reawakening many times. Scientists have described tafenoquine as a "phenomenal achievement." Regulators around the world will now look at the drug to see if they can recommend it for their populations. Relapsing illnessRecurring malaria is the most common type of malaria outside Sub-Saharan Africa. Children can be particularly at risk, getting several bouts of malaria from a single bite, missing ...