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Pixar pioneers behind Toy Story animation win “Nobel Prize” of computing

Pixar pioneers behind Toy Story animation win “Nobel Prize” of computing

Technology
In the opening scene of Toy Story, released in 1995, a cluster of boxes is scattered across a child's bedroom. The sun streams into the room as a Mr Potato Head doll demands money from a seemingly stricken cast of plastic and plush toys outside a cardboard bank. Into the picture arrives the hero - a cowboy sheriff made of plastic and fabric with a pull-string to make him speak. The sheriff casts a shadow over the villainous potato who flees from the law. It's a scene plucked from a child's imagination. It was also the culmination of decades of development in computer animation. This year two of the men behind those advancements, Ed Catmull and Pat Hanrahan, are the recipients of the Turing Award. The award recognizes "lasting and...
Nobel Prize-winning scientist Frances Arnold retracts paper

Nobel Prize-winning scientist Frances Arnold retracts paper

Science
American scientist Frances Arnold, who won the Nobel Prize for chemistry, has retracted her latest paper.Ms Arnold shared the prestigious award in 2018 with George P Smith and Gregory Winter for their research on enzymes. A subsequent paper on enzymatic synthesis of beta-lactams was published in the journal Science in May 2019.It has been retracted because the results were not reproducible, and the authors found data missing from a lab notebook.Reproduction is an essential part of validating scientific experiments. If an experiment is a success, one would expect to get the same results every time it was conducted. Ms Arnold came forward with the news herself on Twitter on 2 January."For my first work-related tweet of 2020, I am t...
Nobel physics prize: ‘Ground-breaking’ win for planets and Big Bang

Nobel physics prize: ‘Ground-breaking’ win for planets and Big Bang

Science
Media playback is unsupported on your device Three scientists have been awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics for "ground-breaking" discoveries about the Universe.James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz were announced as this year's winners at a ceremony in Stockholm.Peebles was honoured for work on the evolution of the Universe, while Mayor and Queloz won for their discovery of a planet around a Sun-like star.The winners will share the prize money of nine million kronor (£738,000).Reacting to the news, Prof Queloz told BBC News: "It's unbelievable," adding: "Since the discovery 25 years ago, everyone kept telling me: 'It's a Nobel Prize discovery'. And I say: 'Oh yeah, yeah, maybe, whatever.'"But in the intervening years, he more-or-l