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Tag: Orion

Orion spacecraft ready to return humans to deep space, officials say

Orion spacecraft ready to return humans to deep space, officials say

Science
ORLANDO, Fla., Oct. 16 (UPI) -- The anticipated return to deep space in 2024 for the first time in nearly 50 years brings a unique set of challenges that only one spacecraft on the planet currently can meet, officials with Lockheed Martin said at a global space event this week. Life support and radiation shielding systems on NASA's Orion spacecraft, built by Lockheed, make it qualified for deep space missions -- those beyond low-Earth orbit where the International Space Station is situated, said Shelby Hopkins, senior systems engineer for Lockheed's Orion program. Advertisement "Deep Space has really unique environment and is more dangerous than low-Earth orbit, so we have to consider things like increased radiation ... it forces us to come up with innovative solutions," Hopkins said duri...
Orion capsule: Europe delivers astronaut spaceship's first 'powerhouse'

Orion capsule: Europe delivers astronaut spaceship's first 'powerhouse'

Science
European industry has handed over a key part of the spaceship infrastructure that will eventually take humans beyond Earth into the wider Solar System. At a ceremony at Bremen airport in Germany, American officials accepted the first service module that will power an Orion capsule. Orion is the next-generation vehicle that the US is developing to carry astronauts to the Moon and on to Mars. A first flight of the trans-Atlantic spaceship combo is scheduled for 2020. Known as Exploration Mission-1 (EM-1), this will be an uncrewed demonstration outing. Astronauts are expected to climb aboard a second flight a couple of years later.Friday's ceremony marked a significant milestone in the US-European collaboration. ...
Astronomers produce detailed maps of star-forming region in Orion A

Astronomers produce detailed maps of star-forming region in Orion A

Science
May 18 (UPI) -- Newly published maps, produced by a research team led by Yale astronomers, has revealed the Orion A molecular cloud in unprecedented detail. Located 1,350 light-years from Earth, the Orion A molecular cloud is the closest star-forming region of massive stars. Found within Orion A are regions similar to the star-birthing environs that produced our sun. "Our maps probe a wide range of physical scales needed to study how stars form in molecular clouds, and how young stars impact their parent cloud," Yale postdoctoral associate Shuo Kong said in a news release. The maps were compiled using observations collected by a single-dish telescope and an interferometer as part of the CARMA-NRO Orion Survey. "Our survey is a unique combination of data from two very different telescopes...
Watch: Hubble video offers 3D tour through the Orion Nebula

Watch: Hubble video offers 3D tour through the Orion Nebula

Science
Jan. 19 (UPI) -- Want to take a virtual ride through the Orion Nebula? Hubble has the ticket.Scientists at Hubble used visible and infrared light data to create a 3D journey through the famed nebula. Visible light observations were captured by the Hubble Space Telescope and infrared data was observed by the Spitzer Space Telescope.Scientists first combined the two datasets to create 2D images and then converted the images into a 3D video."As the camera flies into the star-forming region, the sequence cross-fades back and forth between the visible and infrared views," scientists wrote in the video's caption. "The glowing gaseous landscape has been illuminated and carved by the high energy radiation and strong stellar winds from the massive hot stars in the central cluster."Infrared data, wh...
Baby stars discovered in Orion Nebula Cluster

Baby stars discovered in Orion Nebula Cluster

Technology
Astronomers have discovered and photographed three different populations of baby stars within the Orion Nebula Cluster.A new photograph displays their discovery, which wasn't expected when scientists pointed the new VLT Survey Telescope's OmegaCAM just below the belt of Orion.The Orion Nebula Cluster is one of the closest stellar nurseries to Earth at only 1350 light years away and offers scientists their best view into how both high and low-mass stars are formed.By analysing the image, scientists have found evidence suggesting that star formation within the nebula cluster is taking place in rapid bursts, with generations of stars forming within less than three million years.Scientists from the European Southern Observatory, led by astronomer Giacomo Beccari, used data "of unparalleled qua...