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Research: New screenings, treatments dramatically reduce breast cancer deaths

Research: New screenings, treatments dramatically reduce breast cancer deaths

Health
Jan. 9 (UPI) -- Breast cancer deaths have dramatically declined as a result of new drugs and better screenings since 2000, six independent groups of researchers have concluded.Researchers from universities and hospitals wanted to know if the recent advances in drugs -- including chemotherapies and targeted compounds -- and digitizing mammogram technology have made a difference in how many women die of breast cancer.The researchers' Cancer Intervention and Surveillance Network models showed that screening and treatment reduced breast cancer mortality by 49 percent in 2012, compared with 37 percent in 2000, according to a new study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association."These numbers represent very positive news for breast cancer patients," Dr. Sylvia Plevritis, a prof...
Aadhaar sitting duck for cyber criminals, says RBI-backed research

Aadhaar sitting duck for cyber criminals, says RBI-backed research

Finance
After a newspaper report claimed breach in Aadhaar database and that access to crucial info was available for an amount as little as Rs 500, concerns over the security of personal data have heightened. While the report could not be independently verified, even if the database cannot be breached, the worry is not unfounded. A study by a think tank affiliated with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) too suggests that. A staff paper published by the Institute for Development and Research in Banking Technology has flagged serious safety issues. The paper, which attempts to trace the adoption of biometrics in India by the banks and the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), also studies costs and benefits of Aadhaar. "Aadhaar faces a number of challenges over the short and l...
New research reveals simmering misunderstanding under the tree

New research reveals simmering misunderstanding under the tree

Finance
IS THERE any other time of year when good intentions and materialism converge so tightly? The caring, the artistic and the diligent spend their days before Christmas wrapping gifts. Whatever lies inside, their love for the recipients will also be expressed through paper, tape, bows and ribbon.Then it all goes horribly wrong. New research* into the unwrapping of presents by two professors at the Yale School of Management and one at the University of Miami bravely applies rigour where sentimentality has long ruled. Their paper draws on a half-century of studies by scores of economists and psychologists as well as fresh field trials using hundreds of people from three universities.Upgrade your inboxReceive our Daily Dispatch and Editors' Picks newsletters.The result is, for wrappers, a distre...
New research details impacts of youth football on the brain

New research details impacts of youth football on the brain

Health
Nov. 27 (UPI) -- Just a single season on the gridiron is enough to trigger measurable changes in the brains of some school-age football players.After a year of playing football, researchers found student athletes with a history of concussion and high impact exposure experience change to their default mode network, a neural network most active during wakeful rest. Decreased DMN connectivity has been associated with both traumatic brain injuries and mental disorders."The DMN exists in the deep gray matter areas of the brain," Elizabeth M. Davenport, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center's O'Donnell Brain Institute, said in a news release. "It includes structures that activate when we are awake and engaging in introspection or processing emotions, wh...
Evidence of water on Mars are actually grain flows, research suggests

Evidence of water on Mars are actually grain flows, research suggests

Science
Nov. 20 (UPI) -- New research undermines evidence used to suggest water still flows on present day Mars.Water was once abundant on Mars. That water is not mostly gone, but some studies have suggested Martian slopes still host the occasional flow. However, new analysis of these flow signatures suggest the dark streaks are caused by moving grains and dust.The narrow, dark lines along downward-sloping features on Mars' surface are known as Recurring Slope Lineae. Previous surveys of the lines suggest RSL expand slowly and fade after periods of inactivity. They're seasonal and become most apparent during Mars' warmer months.The lines look similar to those formed by water running down a dirt embankment on Earth, leading some scientists to believe the lines are formed by liquid water flows.But n...