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Lack of HIV knowledge revealed by survey raises concern among experts, activists

Lack of HIV knowledge revealed by survey raises concern among experts, activists

Health
Dec. 2 (UPI) -- HIV can't be passed from one person to another through a hug, but the reluctance of younger Americans to share the gesture with someone who is HIV positive has raised concerns that additional education on the disease is desperately needed. In a survey conducted by the Prevention Access Campaign, HIV-positive activists and drugmaker Merck, more than one quarter of HIV-negative "Millennials" who responded said they have avoided hugging, talking to or being friends with someone with HIV. Additionally, 30 percent said they would prefer not to interact socially with someone with HIV. Activists involved in the project say the results are evidence that many in the general population -- particularly those between 18 and 36 years of age -- remain poorly informed about the virus an...
‘Astonishing’ fossil ape discovery revealed

‘Astonishing’ fossil ape discovery revealed

Science
Fossils of a newly-discovered ancient ape could give clues to how and when walking on two legs evolved.The ability to walk upright is considered a key characteristic of being human.The ape had arms suited to hanging in the trees, but human-like legs. It may have walked along branches and even on the ground some 12 million years ago, pushing back the timeline for bipedal walking, say researchers.Until now the earliest fossil evidence for walking upright dates back to six million years ago. The four fossils - of a male, two females and a juvenile - were unearthed in a clay pit in Bavaria between 2015 and 2018."The finds in southern Germany are a milestone in palaeoanthropology, because they raise fundamental questions about our pr...
100 ‘most inspiring’ novels revealed by BBC Arts

100 ‘most inspiring’ novels revealed by BBC Arts

Entertainment
A list of the most inspiring novels chosen by a panel of experts has been revealed by BBC Arts.Modern works such as Bridget Jones's Diary and His Dark Materials made the cut along with classics like Pride & Prejudice and Middlemarch.Writers, curators and critics, including Mariella Frostrup, selected the 100 English language Novels That Shaped Our World.The list also includes Jilly Cooper's Riders and Zadie Smith's White Teeth.BBC Arts director Jonty Claypole said he wants the list to be "provocative, spark debate and inspire curiosity."The reveal kickstarts the BBC's year-long celebration of literature. Some of the other novels chosen include A Game of Thrones by Ge...
Jamal Khashoggi’s final words revealed in consulate recordings

Jamal Khashoggi’s final words revealed in consulate recordings

World
Jamal Khashoggi's final words were a plea to his killers not to cover his mouth because he suffered from asthma and could suffocate, according to a report.The Saudi journalist was killed and dismembered by a Saudi hit squad at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on 2 October 2018. Mr Khashoggi, a Saudi dissident and US resident, had been visiting the consulate to obtain documents he needed to get married. He was killed soon after entering the building.Recordings made before and during the killing were obtained by Turkish intelligence authorities and published on Monday by the Daily Sabah newspaper.According to the report, in the moments before he was killed, Mr Khashoggi had pleaded: "Don't cover my mouth. I have asthma, don't do it. You'll suffocate me." ...
Face of Lucy’s ancestors revealed by 3.8 million-year-old skull in Ethiopia

Face of Lucy’s ancestors revealed by 3.8 million-year-old skull in Ethiopia

Science
Aug. 28 (UPI) -- The discovery of a rare 3.8-million-year-old hominin skull unearthed in Ethiopia promises to offer fresh insights into the complexities of early human evolution. The fossil's jaw and teeth suggest it belongs to the species Australopithecus anamensis, an ancestor of the famed Lucy hominin, Australopithecus afarensis. Researchers have previously found only fragments of A. anamensis, most around 4 million years old. Until now, paleontologists surmised that A. afarensis slowly morphed into A. anamensis -- that their evolutionary relationship was linear. The latest discovery, detailed this week in the journal Nature, suggests otherwise -- that two species overlapped on the evolutionary timeline. The specimen, dubbed MRD cranium, was found at a dig site in Ethiopia's Afar Regi...