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Rising temperatures enabled peatland formation at the end of the last ice age

Rising temperatures enabled peatland formation at the end of the last ice age

Science
April 16 (UPI) -- New research suggests periods of global warming during the last ice age encouraged the formation of peatlands.Researchers began by designing a computer model to simulate local climate patterns during the last 26,000 years. The last ice age reached its glacial maximum between 26,000 and 22,000 years ago, after which glaciers began to retreat.Scientists also created a timeline of peatland formation using radiocarbon dating peat samples collected in North America, northern Europe and Patagonia. When they compared their timeline with their model's simulations, they found higher local summer temperatures, not increased rainfall, accurately predicted peatland formation."This work helps explain the genesis of one of the world's most important ecosystem types and its potentially ...
Temperatures to keep rising in Pacific Northwest, new climate models confirm

Temperatures to keep rising in Pacific Northwest, new climate models confirm

Science
Feb. 23 (UPI) -- No region will be immune to climate change, and new research suggests the Pacific Northwest is no exception.To better predict how climate change will impact the northwest corner of the United States, scientists at Oregon State University and the U.S. Forest Service localized the predictions of 30 "general circulation" climate models.General circulation models produce outputs at scales too large to be applied to small-scale systems, like a regional watershed. But scientists were able to localize the large-scale predictions using a process called "downscaling."During the downscaling process, researchers populated the combined models with weather and atmospheric data collected at research stations throughout the Northwest.Though the predictions feature variability depending o...
Warm rock rising deep beneath New England, seismic study reveals

Warm rock rising deep beneath New England, seismic study reveals

Science
Dec. 1 (UPI) -- Deep beneath New England, a giant mass of warm rock is slowly but steadily rising toward the surface. The revelation undermines some of what scientists thought they understand about plate tectonics and the geology of the mantle."The upwelling we detected is like a hot air balloon, and we infer that something is rising up through the deeper part of our planet under New England," researcher Vadim Levin, a geophysicist and professor at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, said in a news release.The mass of rock is not on the scale of Yellowstone. It measures a couple hundred miles across, and though it may one day form a new volcanic system, it is unlikely to yield an eruption for millions of years.Scientists were first alerted to something peculiar after noticing a temperature a...
Rising home prices and stagnant wages have home buyers in a pickle

Rising home prices and stagnant wages have home buyers in a pickle

Finance
Home ownership remains elusive for many Americans a decade after the collapse of the real estate market sent the U.S. economy into a tailspin. More than one-third of Americans ages 18 to 34 said they are likely to opt out of home ownership over the next decade, according to an annual survey conducted by the U.K.-based consumer credit reporting agency Experian. About a quarter of Americans of any age also said they were likely to opt out of home ownership in that period. The number of Americans who said they are likely to opt out of homeownership increased 8 percentage points in this year's survey, compared to 2016. More from Smart Investing:Bitcoin too risky for "serious" investing, say advisorsMillennials lack confidence to invest: Bank executiveWhat investors should do before market gets...
European Stocks Edge Lower as Rising UK Inflation Raises Prospects of Rate Hike in Britain

European Stocks Edge Lower as Rising UK Inflation Raises Prospects of Rate Hike in Britain

Finance
Shutterstock photoEuropean equity benchmarks were struggling for direction on Tuesday morning after a jump in the UK's inflation rate prompted speculation that the Bank of England may raise interest rates at its next meeting in November and as car-manufacturers shifted into reverse.Britain's consumer price index ( CPI ) posted annual growth of 3% in September, up from 2.9% in August, according to data published by the Office for National Statistics. The increase in consumer prices is broadly expected to influence discussions at the Bank of England ahead of of its next monetary policy decision. Rising inflation, which has been a key theme since Britain's surprise referendum decision to leave the European Union (EU) last June, is generally expected to heighten the probability of a rate hike...