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One in five UK mammals at risk of extinction

One in five UK mammals at risk of extinction

Science
The red squirrel, the wildcat, and the grey long-eared bat are all facing severe threats to their survival, according to new research.They are among 12 species that have been put on the first "red list" for wild mammals in the UK.The Mammal Society and Natural England study said almost one in five British mammals was at risk of extinction.Factors such as climate change, loss of habitat, use of pesticides and disease are to blame, the report said.It said the hedgehog and water vole have seen their populations decline by almost 70% over the past 20 years.However, it is good news for the otter, pine marten, polecat and badger, which have all seen their populations and geographical range spread. The report is described as the first ...
10-year study shows obesity increases risk for 12 cancers

10-year study shows obesity increases risk for 12 cancers

Health
May 24 (UPI) -- A new report by the World Cancer Research Fund Thursday links excessive body fat to 12 types of cancers, at a time it says obesity is on the rise globally. The report Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: a Global Perspective examines a decade of research linking cancer prevention to diet and lifestyle, and is the third to address the subject. The first and second reports were published in 1997 and 2007. Thursday's report found obesity increases humans' risk of getting 12 cancers -- in the mouth, esophagus, stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, colorectum, breast, ovary, endometrium, prostate and kidney. The prevalence of obesity, it said, has increased at a rate faster than ever before. "In 2016, an estimated 1.97 billion adults and over 338 million children an...
Risk of water shortages for England warns Environment Agency

Risk of water shortages for England warns Environment Agency

Science
England is facing water supply shortages by 2050 unless rapid action is taken to curb water use and wastage, the Environment Agency has warned. Its new report says enough water to meet the needs of 20 million people is lost through leakage every day.Population growth and the impact of climate change are expected to add to supply pressures. The agency wants people to have a personal water target and has urged them to use water more wisely at home.The study, the first major report on water resources in England, says that population growth and climate change are the biggest pressures on a system that is already struggling. In 2016, some 9,500 billion litres of freshwater were taken from rivers, lakes, reservoirs and underground sour...
Multigene test increasingly used to assess breast cancer risk

Multigene test increasingly used to assess breast cancer risk

Health
May 10 (UPI) -- New research suggests women are increasingly foregoing BRCA tests, which only test for mutations in either of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, opting instead for more comprehensive tests that detect mutations in a larger number of genes.Because multigene tests can identify a variety of mutations, the risks of which aren't well established, health researchers hypothesized the increase in such tests would lead to an uptick in prophylactic mastectomies -- the removal of both breasts to prevent the development of cancers.However, the latest survey of breast cancer testing showed changes in test preferences haven't resulted in more mastectomy surgeries."In general, multigene panel tests yield more clinically useful results and are rapidly becoming the norm," Dr. Allison Kurian, an ass...
Antipsychotics may increase gestational diabetes risk during pregnancy

Antipsychotics may increase gestational diabetes risk during pregnancy

Health
May 7 (UPI) -- Some antipsychotic drugs prescribed during pregnancy have been associated with added risk of gestational diabetes, according to a nationwide analysis of data.About 50 percent of women with gestational diabetes develop type 2 diabetes in the years after pregnancy, which prompted researchers to study the effects of various medical treatments during pregnancy. The findings were published Monday in American Journal of Psychiatry and presented at the American Psychiatric Association's annual meeting through Wednesday in New York.Gestational diabetes, like other forms of diabetes, affects how cells use glucose, leading to high blood sugar. Up to 10 percent of pregnancies in the United States are affected by gestational diabetes, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Pre...