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Low-calorie diets affect men's and women's bodies differently, study shows

Low-calorie diets affect men's and women's bodies differently, study shows

Health
Men's bodies may respond better to low-calorie diets than women's, a new study showed. A study in Denmark recruited more than 2,000 people who had pre-diabetes -- meaning high blood sugar, but not yet diabetes -- to look at how low-calorie diets worked for them. In the study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen found that men benefitted in more ways from the reduced calorie counts, and not just in the numbers on the scale. "Despite adjusting for the differences in weight loss, it appears that men benefited more from the intervention than women. Whether differences between genders persist in the long-term and whether we will need to design different interventions depending on gender will be interesting to follow," said lead author Dr. Pia Christensen, of the University of Copen...
Facebook could host talent shows in future app

Facebook could host talent shows in future app

Technology
Facebook is developing a talent show feature for its app which would allow users to pick a pop song and submit a recording for review. The in-development feature was discovered by Jane Manchun Wong in the code for the most recent version of the app.Ms Wong told Sky News that as the feature was still under development it wouldn't be available for users until an official release - however, she was able to identify it by reverse engineering the app's code.The music available seems to be available through the same deal as Instagram music stickers, which allows users to give their Instagram stories a soundtrack. Facebook is working on Talent Show where users can pick a popular song and submit their singing audition for review.Feels like a cross betwee...
Bacteria extinctions are quite common, study shows

Bacteria extinctions are quite common, study shows

Science
July 30 (UPI) -- Until now, many scientists thought microbes rarely go extinct. But new research suggests bacteria species disappear at surprisingly high rates. According to the latest analysis, when bacteria do go extinct, they fade away. The study, published Monday in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, showed bacteria are rarely snuffed out by mass extinction events. Scientists used advanced computer models to simulate microbial evolution over the last few billion years. "Bacteria rarely fossilize, so we know very little about how the microbial landscape has evolved over time," Stilianos Louca, a researcher at the University of British Columbia, said in a news release. "Sequencing and math helped us fill in the bacterial family tree, map how they've diversified over time, and unc...
Soil microbes eat alternative plastic, study shows

Soil microbes eat alternative plastic, study shows

Science
July 25 (UPI) -- New research shows an alternative plastic called PBAT -- short for poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) -- can be broken down by microbes in the soil. Researchers hope the material can serve as a replacement for polyethylene mulch films. Large amounts of PE films are spread cross agricultural fields to boost crop yields by elevating soil temperature and keeping moisture in the ground. Disposing of the plastic sheeting is difficult and, inevitably, large amounts of the plastic end up accumulating in the soil. Polyethylene contamination can disrupt water transportation and ultimately degrade soil health. Researchers at ETH Zurich wanted to find out if a polymer alternative like PBAT would be more eco-friendly. The polymer had been deemed biodegradable for composting, bu...
'Concussion pill' using cannabis shows promise

'Concussion pill' using cannabis shows promise

Health
July 20 (UPI) -- A "concussion pill" under development in Miami using cannabis is showing progress for treatment of traumatic brain injuries. In a pre-clinical study, the combination of a hemp-derived cannabinoid and an NMDA amino acid anesthetic is showing improved cognitive function in rodents with traumatic brain injuries compared with individual components. The project is a joint collaboration with the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, The Miami Project to Cure Paralysis and Scythian Biosciences Corp. of Toronto. "The results were statistically significant and encouraging," Scythian's Jonathan Gilbert, who manages the University of Miami partnership, told UPI. "This evidence strongly suggests further testing is warranted on medical cannabis' potential in the treatment of...