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Tag: spacecraft

New Horizons spacecraft ‘alters theory of planet formation’

New Horizons spacecraft ‘alters theory of planet formation’

Science
Scientists say they have "decisively" overturned the prevailing theory for how planets in our Solar System formed.The established view is that material violently crashed together to form ever larger clumps until they became worlds.New results suggest the process was less catastrophic - with matter gently clumping together instead.The study appears in Science journal and has been presented at the American Association for the Advancement of Science meeting in Seattle.The study's lead researcher, Dr Alan Stern, said that the discovery was of "stupendous magnitude". "There was the prevailing theory from the late 1960s of violent collisions and a more recent emerging theory o...
Hayabusa-2: Japanese spacecraft makes final touchdown on asteroid

Hayabusa-2: Japanese spacecraft makes final touchdown on asteroid

Science
A Japanese spacecraft has touched down on a faraway asteroid, where it will collect space rock that may hold clues to how the Solar System evolved. The successful contact with the Ryugu asteroid was met with relief and cheering in the control room at Japan's space agency, JAXA.It is the second touchdown for the robotic Hayabusa-2 craft, which grabbed rocks from the asteroid in February. After blasting a crater into Ryugu, it has returned to pick up fresh rubble.As the samples will come from within the asteroid, they will have had reduced exposure to the harsh environment of space.It's hoped the rock will give scientists more data on the origins of the Solar System. Hay...
Chandrayaan-2: India unveils spacecraft for second Moon mission

Chandrayaan-2: India unveils spacecraft for second Moon mission

Science
India's space agency has unveiled its spacecraft that it plans to launch next month and hopes to land on the Moon in early September. If successful, India will be the fourth country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, following the US, the former Soviet Union and China.Chandrayaan-2 will be the country's second lunar mission.India's first mission, Chandrayaan-1 which launched in 2008, was an orbiter and did not land on the Moon's surface. This mission will focus on the lunar's surface and gather data on water, minerals and rock formations. The new spacecraft will have a lander, an orbiter and rover. These are photos of the craft in the Indian Space and Research Organisation's (ISRO) lab, where scientists have been bus...
Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft crashes on Moon

Israel’s Beresheet spacecraft crashes on Moon

Science
The first privately funded mission to the Moon has crashed on the lunar surface after the apparent failure of its main engine.The Israeli spacecraft - called Beresheet - attempted a soft touch down, but suffered technical problems on its descent to the Moon's surface.The aim of the mission was to take pictures and conduct experiments.Only government space agencies from the former Soviet Union, the US and China have achieved soft lunar landings.Israel hoped to become the fourth country to do this."We didn't make it, but we definitely tried," said project originator and major backer Morris Kahn."I think that the achievement of getting to where we got is really tremendous, I think we can be proud," he said.Prime Minister Benjamin Ne...
Watch live: SpaceIL’s Beresheet spacecraft to attempt lunar landing

Watch live: SpaceIL’s Beresheet spacecraft to attempt lunar landing

Science
April 11 (UPI) -- Beresheet is attempting to make history on Thursday. The spacecraft is trying to become the first privately funded lander to touch down on the moon. Last week, Beresheet executed the engine burn needed to put itself into orbit around the moon. Now, the spacecraft is preparing to land inside the moon's Mare Serenitatis, or Sea of Serenity, sometime between 3 and 4 p.m. ET. The landing will be streamed live online. Beresheet was designed and built by SpaceIL, a privately funded nonprofit based in Israel. The team of scientists and engineers began working on the project in 2011 as part of the Google Lunar X-Prize competition. When Google folded the contest, SpaceIL decided to continued on. Last week, the XPrize Foundation announced they would award SpaceIL with $ 1 million...