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Tag: species

Endangered bats: The manicure helping to save a species

Endangered bats: The manicure helping to save a species

Science
One of the world's rarest bats is now confined to a single cave in Western Cuba with less than 750 remaining, according to a population survey.Scientists are highlighting the plight of the animal, saying its last home is vulnerable to collapse.The Cuban greater funnel-eared bat was rediscovered in 1992 after being declared extinct.Fossils of the species have been found across Cuba and neighbouring islands, suggesting it was once widespread.On an expedition to the cave, researchers used different colours of nail varnish to mark the bats' "nails" so they could tell each one apart and count them.They hope the estimate - numbering less than 1,000 - will be used to inform conservation efforts. The bat population is threatened by human...
New species of stegosaur is oldest ever found

New species of stegosaur is oldest ever found

Science
Aug. 22 (UPI) -- Researchers have discovered a new dinosaur -- a previously unknown type of stegosaur -- in the mountains of Morocco. Based on a few vertebrae and an upper arm bone, a team of researchers at London's Natural History Museum said Adratiklit boulahfa is the first stegosaur found in North Africa. The remains of the 186 million-year-old dinosaur, detailed in a paper published in the journal Gondwana Research, were found in the Middle Atlas Mountains in Morocco, an area that has not been studied for fossils very extensively, researchers said. "Despite being from the African continent, our phylogenetic analysis indicated that, surprisingly, Adratiklit is more closely related to European stegosaurs than it is to the two genera known from Southern Africa," Tom Raven, a doctoral st...
Environmentalists warn Trump ‘weakening’ endangered species protections

Environmentalists warn Trump ‘weakening’ endangered species protections

Science
The US federal government has announced an overhaul of the way it enforces the Endangered Species Act, a law credited with preventing countless extinctions.Trump officials say the new plan will reduce regulations, but environmental groups warn it will "crash a bulldozer" through the landmark 1973 legislation.The plan removes automatic protections for threatened species and allows economic factors to be considered.Critics say the new rules will speed extinction for vulnerable wildlife.Ten state attorneys general have announced plans to sue over the new regulation.The Endangered Species Act, which Republican President Richard Nixon signed into law in 1973, protects more than 1,600 plant and animals species today, and is credited wi...
Paleontologists find new Cambrian predator species with rake-like claws

Paleontologists find new Cambrian predator species with rake-like claws

Science
August 1 (UPI) -- Paleontologists have discovered a new Cambrian predator species hiding among the ancient rocks of Kootenay National Park in the Canadian Rockies. The newly discovered species, now extinct, was one of largest predators on Earth during its heyday 500,000 years ago. With a large, horseshoe crab-like head and a big, curving mouth -- shaped like a pineapple slice, according to researchers -- the species would have been hard to miss. Scientists named the new species Cambroraster falcatus. "The rake-like claws and the large shell-like carapace provide evidence that Cambroraster spent its time hunting for buried prey near the sea floor," Joe Moysiuk, a graduate student based at the Royal Ontario Museum, told UPI. According to Moysiuk, some modern crustaceans, as well as a few ...
New shark species discovered which squirts glow-in-the-dark fluid

New shark species discovered which squirts glow-in-the-dark fluid

Technology
A tiny shark found in the Gulf of Mexico nearly 10 years ago has turned out to be a new species.The American pocket shark - named after the pouches it has near its front fins and not its diminutive size - was collected during a 2010 survey to find out what sperm whales eat. The five-and-a-half inch male shark has five features not seen in the only other known specimen of this kind - which was captured in the Eastern Pacific Ocean in 1979 and is now housed at the Zoological Museum in St Petersburg, Russia.Its mysterious pouches squirt little glowing clouds into the ocean, according to scientists who have been studying the creature.The details of the new species are described in an article in the journal Zootaxa collated by Mark Grace of the NMFS Mississippi Laboratories of the National Ocea...