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Tag: species

Moustached monkey is separate species

Moustached monkey is separate species

Science
A monkey from Ethiopia and Sudan with a "handlebar moustache" has been identified as a distinct species.Scientists took a fresh look at the distribution and physical appearance of patas monkeys in Ethiopia, confirming there were two species rather than one.It was originally described as a separate species in 1862, but was later folded in - incorrectly - with other patas monkeys to form a single species.Details have been published in the journal Primate Conservation.Patas monkeys are found from west to east across sub-Saharan Africa; they are among the fastest-moving of ground-dwelling monkeys - able to reach speeds of about 55 km/h (34 mph).Spartaco Gippoliti, from the IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, reassessed the species status of patas monkeys in the Blue Nile region of Ethiopia and ...
Study reveals 18 new pelican spider species

Study reveals 18 new pelican spider species

Science
Jan. 11 (UPI) -- Researchers with the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History have discovered 18 new species of pelican spider, a group of arachnids that look as absurd as they sound.The new species were discovered living in the jungles of Madagascar, an African island in the Indian Ocean that hosts a plethora of endemic plant and animal species -- species not found anywhere else on Earth.Arachnologists Hannah Wood and Nikolaj Scharff conducted their survey using specimens collected during their own field work as well as spiders found during an arthropod survey organized by the California Academy of Sciences.Most spiders are opportunistic, eating whatever gets stuck in their web. As such, many spiders occasionally eat other spiders. Pelican spiders, however, eat only other spiders...
DNA tests reveal plant species thought to be extinct

DNA tests reveal plant species thought to be extinct

Science
Jan. 8 (UPI) -- With the help of DNA testing, researchers at the Missouri Botanical Garden in St. Louis have rediscovered a plant species thought to be extinct.Dracaena umbraculifera was initially described in 1797. It was believed to be native to Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean, 1,200 miles from the coast of southern Africa. After multiple attempts to locate the species on Mauritius, botanists declared the species extinct.Despite the declaration, D. umbraculifera continued to be cultivated at botanical gardens around the world.Researchers at the Missouri Botanical Garden set out to determine where the species truly originated and whether the species really was extinct in the wild. Scientists began by sequencing the species genome and comparing it to its closest relatives. Th...
New species of spider revealed, named after Bob Marley

New species of spider revealed, named after Bob Marley

Science
Dec. 27 (UPI) -- A new species of water-adapted spiders has been discovered on Australia's coral reefs, with researchers naming it after reggae star Bob Marley for his song "High Tide or Low Tide."The team of researchers that discovered Desis bobmarleyi sp. n -- Dr. Barbara Baehr, Dr. Robert Raven and Dr. Danilio Harms of the University of Queensland and the University of Hamburg -- named the spider based on it's ability to survive both in and out of water.The intertidal spiders adapted to become true marine animals, the researchers say, adjusting to life underwater by hiding in barnacle shells, kelp or corals during high tide along the coast of Australia's Queensland state.They developed air chambers to breathe, using silk, and when the tide recedes they can be found hunting small inverte...
Galapagos finches caught in act of becoming new species

Galapagos finches caught in act of becoming new species

Science
A population of finches on the Galapagos has been discovered in the process of becoming a new species. This is the first example of speciation that scientists have been able to observe directly in the field. Researchers followed the entire population of finches on a tiny Galapagos island called Daphne Major, for many years, and so they were able to watch the speciation in progress.The research was published in the journal Science.The group of finch species to which the Big Bird population belongs are collectively known as Darwin's finches and helped Charles Darwin to uncover the process of evolution by natural selection.In 1981, the researchers noticed the arrival of a male of a non-native species, the large cactus finch.Professors Rosemary and Peter Grant noticed that this male proceeded ...