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Tag: study

Pacific 'baby island' is natural lab to study Mars

Pacific 'baby island' is natural lab to study Mars

Science
Media playback is unsupported on your deviceIt is one of Earth's newest landforms and it could just tell us where to look for evidence of life on Mars. The tongue-twisting volcanic island of Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai exploded out of the Pacific Ocean in 2015, and its shape has been evolving ever since as it has been lashed and bashed by waves. Scientists are watching this slow erosion very closely. They think they see the remnants of many such water-birthed islands on the Red Planet. If that is true, it is really intriguing. On Earth, we know that wherever you get submarine volcanic processes, you also very often get conditions that support microbial communities. What the researchers see occurring at Hunga Tonga Hunga Ha'apai (HTHH) therefore may be a kind of template to help them understa...
Rigorous diet can put Type 2 diabetes into remission, study finds

Rigorous diet can put Type 2 diabetes into remission, study finds

Health
Some people with Type 2 diabetes were able to put the disease in remission without medication by following a rigorous diet plan, according to a study published today in the Lancet medical journal. "Our findings suggest that even if you have had Type 2 diabetes for six years, putting the disease into remission is feasible," Michael Lean, a professor from the University of Glasgow in Scotland who co-led the study, said in a statement. The researchers looked at 149 participants who have had Type 2 diabetes for up to six years and monitored them closely as they underwent a liquid diet that provided only 825 to 853 calories per day for three to five months. The participants were then reintroduced to solid food and maintained a structured diet until the end of the yearlong study. The researc...
Warm rock rising deep beneath New England, seismic study reveals

Warm rock rising deep beneath New England, seismic study reveals

Science
Dec. 1 (UPI) -- Deep beneath New England, a giant mass of warm rock is slowly but steadily rising toward the surface. The revelation undermines some of what scientists thought they understand about plate tectonics and the geology of the mantle."The upwelling we detected is like a hot air balloon, and we infer that something is rising up through the deeper part of our planet under New England," researcher Vadim Levin, a geophysicist and professor at Rutgers University-New Brunswick, said in a news release.The mass of rock is not on the scale of Yellowstone. It measures a couple hundred miles across, and though it may one day form a new volcanic system, it is unlikely to yield an eruption for millions of years.Scientists were first alerted to something peculiar after noticing a temperature a...
Study: 57 percent of American children will be obese by age 35

Study: 57 percent of American children will be obese by age 35

Health
Nov. 30 (UPI) -- More than half of American children will be obese by the age of 35 if current trends continue, according to a study released Wednesday.Researchers from the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and found that 57 percent of today's children will be obese by they time they're 35-years-old. That's a significant increase from today's levels, which find 38 percent of Americans over the age of 20 to be obese."On current trends, obesity is going to be a problem for most kids as they grow older," Zach Ward, the study's lead author, told Time Magazine. "We really need to start thinking about really scaling up prevention efforts."The study, which was published in the New England Journal of Medicine, is based on "a sophisticated ...
Army taps Zeriscope for study on traumatic brain injury

Army taps Zeriscope for study on traumatic brain injury

Business
Nov. 28 (UPI) -- The U.S. Army has chosen Zeriscope, a provider of mobile telemedicine examination systems, to aid a study in mitigating the effects of Traumatic Brain Injury.Under the one-year award, the South Carolina-headquartered company's real-time streaming telemedicine platform will be used with its integrated wearable sensor kit to monitor heart rate variability.Heart rate variability, or HRV, is an important biomarker that can be used to help regulate the autonomic nervous system, attentiveness and emotional responses.HRV can be monitored and studied in out-of-the-laboratory settings using the company devices, improving research and the understanding of treatment options, Zeriscope said."Zeriscope technology may facilitate more objective evaluation of treatment impact that can als...