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All-time temperature records for June broken across Europe

All-time temperature records for June broken across Europe

World
Germany, Poland and the Czech Republic have all set new national temperature records for June as a scorching heatwave escalates in large parts of western and central Europe.Thursday will likely see France surpass its previous June record of 41.FC (106F), set on 21 June 2003, according to Sky News' weather presenter Isobel Lang. The country's highest ever temperature, 44.1C (111.38F), was recorded at two separate locations in southern France on 12 August during the same 2003 heatwave. Image: Public 'cool places' have been designated across France to help people cope with the temperatures Met Office forecaster Matthew Box said an "enormous reservoir" of hot air from the Sahara has engulfed the continent, which is expected to bring tempe...
Temperature maps from space would ‘boost crop production’

Temperature maps from space would ‘boost crop production’

Science
Scientists are developing a satellite system to record the temperatures of individual fields of crops.The aim is to survey land temperatures to estimate water-use by plants and to show how they transfer that water back to the atmosphere. The data will also help monitor how much water is available to grow crops and how they are responding to drought.The new system is being considered for inclusion in the EU's Earth observation programme, Copernicus.It would be an addition to the Union's ever-growing number of satellites it calls the Sentinels.A team led by Prof Martin Wooster at King's College London, UK, is exploring options for the next phase of the EU and European Space Agency-coordinated programme. "The main science goal is t...
Astrophysicists calculate temperature of atoms in a supernova shockwave

Astrophysicists calculate temperature of atoms in a supernova shockwave

Science
Jan. 22 (UPI) -- Scientists have for the first time precisely calculated the temperature of heavy atoms in a supernova shockwave, a feat that could provide valuable insights into the nature of violent stellar deaths. Using detailed observations captured by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory, scientists at Pennsylvania State University and the University of Palermo in Italy created a high-resolution simulation of nearby supernova remnant SN1987A. The supernova shockwave model showed even the temperatures of the heaviest atoms are directly correlated with their atomic weights. "Supernova explosions and their remnants provide cosmic laboratories that enable us to explore physics in extreme conditions that cannot be duplicated on Earth," David Burrows, professor of astronomy and astrophysics at...