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Rise in type 2 diabetes in young people in England and Wales

Rise in type 2 diabetes in young people in England and Wales

Health
The number of children and young people being treated for type 2 diabetes in England and Wales has gone up from 507 to 715 in four years, new figures show.More than three-quarters were also obese, according to the NHS data.Child health experts said the rise was "alarming" and the childhood obesity epidemic was "starting to bite".Councils said more needed to be done to tackle the obesity crisis in children, particularly among minority ethnic groups, who were most affected.Type 2 diabetes can lead to a range of health problems such as heart disease, strokes and kidney problems.The condition occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. It can be linked to obesity.The figures come from an audit published by the Royal Coll...
Type 2 diabetics can reduce risk for cardiovascular disease, study says

Type 2 diabetics can reduce risk for cardiovascular disease, study says

Health
Aug. 16 (UPI) -- People with type 2 diabetes can significantly reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease with proper treatment and not smoking, according to a study in Sweden. In a study published Thursday in The New England Journal of Medicine, researchers at University of Gothenburg in Sweden said the increased risks could be theoretically eliminated. "This is definitely good news. The study shows that patients with type 2 diabetes with all risk factors within therapeutic target range had an extremely low risk of premature death, heart attack and stroke," author Aidin Rawshani, a doctoral student at the Institute of Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy, said in a press release. Risk factors that can be controlled by medication, and cigarette abstinence, are blood pressure, long-term blood gl...
Study: Antibiotics may increase type 1 diabetes risk in children

Study: Antibiotics may increase type 1 diabetes risk in children

Health
July 24 (UPI) -- The increased risk of type 1 diabetes has been associated with one course of antibiotics in childhood, according to a study with mice. Previously, researchers at New York University School of Medicine had found that exposure to multiple courses of antibiotics accelerated the disease's onset. But their current findings, which were published Tuesday in eLife, found one single course significantly boosted the risk and severity. "Our findings confirm earlier work showing that antibiotics can increase risk for type 1 diabetes," lead study author Dr. Xuesong Zhang, an assistant professor of medicine at NYU School of Medicine, said in a press release. "Even a single early-life course may perturb the intestinal microbiome in ways that lead to long-term consequences in the intest...
Genetic score can identify infants at risk for type 1 diabetes

Genetic score can identify infants at risk for type 1 diabetes

Health
April 2 (UPI) -- Researchers have developed a genetics score that can identify infants at risk for type 1 diabetes, according to a new study.The scientists calculated genetic scores from more than 30 genes among 3,498 children with no family history of type 1 diabetes but with gene variants known to convey type 1 diabetes risk. Their findings were published Tuesday in PLOS Medicine.In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas isn't making insulin or is making very little of the hormone. Insulin enables blood sugar to enter the cells in the body and be converted for use as energy. To make up for the insulin, type 1 diabetics need insulin shots or an insulin pump.It's usually diagnosed in children, teens and young adults, but it can develop at any age, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Pr...
Islet cell transplants improve type 1 diabetes of participants in trial

Islet cell transplants improve type 1 diabetes of participants in trial

Health
March 21 (UPI) -- Type 1 diabetics' potentially fatal low blood glucose levels improved dramatically with the transplantation of insulin-producing islets to their pancreas, according to findings from a Phase 3 clinical trial in the United States.The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases funded the trial, which ran from October 2006 until May 2014.The findings were published Tuesday in the journal Diabetes Care.Pancreatic islets, also called islets of Langerhans, are tiny clusters of cells in the pancreas. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in islets. Diabetics must take take insulin from injections or pumps to live, but they cannot control blo...