Wednesday, September 28News That Matters

Trump to be sued over foreign payments by attorneys general

Officials in Maryland and Washington DC are expected to sue Donald Trump for accepting payments from foreign governments via his business empire.

The lawsuit cites the US constitution’s emoluments clause, which says no federal official should receive a gift or a fee from a foreign government.

The legal action alleges “unprecedented constitutional violations” by the US president, the Washington Post reports.

It would be the first such lawsuit filed by government entities.

A non-governmental organisation, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington, lodged a similar legal action in January.

At that time, Mr Trump told a reporter in the Oval Office the case was “totally without merit”. He has not yet commented on the latest move.

Another legal headache – Analysis by Anthony Zurcher, BBC News

The constitutional challenges to Donald Trump’s ongoing business ties as president just got some state-level muscle behind them.

While the lawsuit by the District of Columbia and Maryland isn’t the first attempt to force the president to more fully separate himself from his real-estate empire, the two governments bring a new level of legitimacy and resources.

The first hurdle the states face is whether they have the proper legal grounds to file this case. Given that this is judicial terra incognita, there’s no telling how the courts will react.

There’s never been a businessman-turned-president quite like Mr Trump, so there’s never been a lawsuit quite like this one.

If Marlyand and DC are able to proceed, the case could turn out like many other Trump-related controversies, where the president’s own words – and those of his associates – are used against him. While Mr Trump pledged to extricate himself from his day-to-day business operations, his son Eric has acknowledged he still gives his father regular financial updates. Senior adviser Kellyanne Conway also was recently reprimanded for praising daughter Ivanka’s clothing line.

Even in a best-case scenario for the president, this represents the latest in a growing list of legal headaches.

Mr Trump is already contending with inquiries by congressional committees and a special prosecutor into his campaign’s alleged links to Russia, which American intelligence agencies accuse of meddling in last November’s US election in a bid to boost support for the property developer.

Since taking office in January, Mr Trump has turned day-to-day control of his real estate empire and other assets over to a trust managed by his adult sons.

But he has not sold them off as critics said he should do in order to avoid conflicts of interest.

The attorneys general of Maryland and District of Columbia respectively, Brian Frosh and Karl Racine, both Democrats, have scheduled a news conference for midday local time (1600 GMT) on Monday .

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The Maryland attorney general told the Washington Post the case was about Mr Trump’s failure to divide his presidential duties from his personal interests.

According to the newspaper, the lawsuit says Mr Trump is “deeply enmeshed with a legion of foreign and domestic government actors” through his business empire.

“Never before has a President acted with such disregard for this constitutional prescription,” it will charge.

The lawsuit will reportedly ask for a court injunction blocking Mr Trump from accepting foreign money.

Emoluments and the president

  • A section of the US constitution known as the emoluments clause restricts what US presidents can accept from foreign governments
  • The clause says “no person holding any office of profit or trust” may accept “any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state”
  • America’s founding fathers included this to prevent US leaders from being beholden to foreign governments
  • Legal analysts say that if the Trump Organization accepts special deals, such as tax breaks or land rights overseas, it could fall foul of the clause. Even overseas profits could potentially be construed as a violation

A list of Trump’s potential conflicts

It will also seek access to his personal tax returns as part of the legal process known as discovery, according to US media.

A key case in the dispute is Trump International Hotel in Washington DC, just down the road from the White House.

Mr Trump opened the business last year by leasing a large building that used to be a central post office.

According to the Washington Post, the lawsuit will detail examples of foreign governments favouring the president’s hotel over others.

It will cite how the Kuwaiti embassy planned to hold an event at a Four Seasons hotel, but eventually chose Trump International as the venue.

Maryland and Washington are expected to complain that the Trump hotel also hurts competing hotels in their jurisdictions.

The legal action will refer to Mr Trump’s international hotels, golf courses and other commercial properties.

The president’s lawyers have argued the emoluments clause is intended only to stop federal officials from accepting a special consideration or gift from a foreign power and does not apply to payments such as a bill for a hotel room.

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BBC News – World

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