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PM’s research budget to make UK ‘science superpower’

PM’s research budget to make UK ‘science superpower’

Science
Getty ImagesThe prime minister has set out plans to cement the UK's place as a "science superpower".Boris Johnson announced how increases in the research budget would be spent.He will chair a new National Science and Technology Council to provide "strategic direction" on how research is harnessed for the "public good".And Sir Patrick Vallance, the chief scientific adviser to the government, will lead a new Office for Science and Technology Strategy.He will take up the role of the new national technology adviser, alongside his current role.Mr Johnson said the UK's vaccination programme had proven what the UK can achieve at scale and speed. "With the right direction, pace and backing, we can breathe life into many more scientific and technological breakthroughs that transform the lives of pe...
Defects aid mother-of-pearl’s assembly, according to new research

Defects aid mother-of-pearl’s assembly, according to new research

Science
Jan. 4 (UPI) -- Scientists have finally uncovered the structural secrets of mother-of-pearl, or nacre, the organic-inorganic composite material that forms the smooth, shiny layer found inside the shells of many mollusk species. According to a new study, published Monday in the journal Nature Physics, structural defects in the material's self-assembly process ensure nacre's incredible uniformity and strength. Advertisement Impressively, mother-of-pearl is the product of a disorganized synthesis process. The process begins when individual cells begin depositing bits of material simultaneously at different locations. During the early stages of construction, the material is not at all uniform. "In the very beginning, the layered mineral-organic tissue is full of structural faults that propag...
Army breaks ground on new soldier performance research facility

Army breaks ground on new soldier performance research facility

Business
Nov. 12 (UPI) -- The Army broke ground Thursday on the Soldier and Squad Performance Research Institute, or S2PRINT. The new human research and engineering laboratory, situated at Natick Soldier Systems Center in Natick, Mass., is a joint project of Combat Capabilities Development Command Soldier Center and the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine. Advertisement The lab is planned to "baseline, measure, predict and optimize individual soldier and small unit readiness, performance, and resiliency across real-world, mission-essential tasks," the Army said in an August press release announcing plans for the site. The new facility, which will be housed in an 80,600-square-foot building, is expected to be completed in the next three years. Let'...
Extreme E invites scientist bids for ship research

Extreme E invites scientist bids for ship research

Science
Extreme E, the new off-road, motor racing series set to launch next year are inviting applications from scientists to conduct ocean based research aboard their ship, the St Helena as it sails the cars and teams around the globe. Motorsport has long been a driver of science and innovation in areas such as aerodynamics, engines and car design, but rarely environmental research. In fact, the two might be considered to be at odds. But for Extreme-E, launched by the same team behind Formula E, the environment considerations have been central since inception. Electric SUVs will compete off-road in five races across a nine-month calendar, which has been specially designed to negate much of the need for air freight of the cars and teams - instead organisers are currently reconditioning the former...
Ice sheets melting at ‘worst-case scenario rate’, research warns

Ice sheets melting at ‘worst-case scenario rate’, research warns

World
Ice sheets in Greenland and Antarctica are melting at a rate which matches the worst-case scenario for sea level rises, according to a new study.The vast majority of the planet's ice mass is contained in the Antarctic ice sheet, which would cause sea levels to rise by 58 metres if it melted completely. The much smaller Greenland ice sheet, which previous research suggests may have melted beyond the point of return, would cause a rise of just over seven metres. ...